Saturday, November 21, 2020

ANALYSIS OF CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD LABOUR IN NIGERIA

                                                             INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study

Child labour is a universal problem. It dates back to the period of industrial revolution (late 1700s to early 1800s). (Lockwood, 2016).  During this period, a lot of families needed as many working hands as they could get, so children were not an exempted. However, Africa happens to have the largest number of child labourers. Meanwhile, in 2001 the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) developed strategies to fight child labour for exploitative labour purposes in West and Central Africa. (Anukan, 2016).

Child labour according to Dyorough, (2014) is the employment of children under the age of 18 in any form of work that interferes with their education and has negative effects on them physically, mentally, socially and morally. In Africa, the first commitment to combat trafficking is exemplified in Africa charter on the right or welfare of the child. In 2002, the African Union (AU) reaffirmed its commitment to combat child abuse. (Dyorouhg, 2014). It identified the elimination of human and child trafficking as an operational priority.

Friday, November 20, 2020

ASSESSMENT OF ELECTION VIOLENCE AND THE ROLE OF YOUTHS IN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study

        Nigeria is a country of overlapping regional, religious, and ethnic divisions. Rifts between the North and the South of the country, ethnic groups, and Islam and Christianity often coincide and have sometimes resulted in sectarian violence. This has been the case particularly in its geographical center and in the Niger Delta region. In the Middle Belt, as the former is called, bouts of retributive bloodshed between Christian farmers and Muslim pastoralists erupt with some frequency.  

        In all, credible observers ascribe over twelve thousand deaths since 1999 to ethnic, religious, and regional conflict in Nigeria. Since the end of military rule eleven years ago, Nigeria’s elites have largely cordoned off national presidential elections from sectarian divisions by predetermining presidential and vice presidential victors. Their People’s Democratic Party (PDP) nominates one southern Christian and one northern Muslim for the presidency and vice presidency and rigs these candidates into office. Every eight years the party rotates the office for which it nominates Christian and Muslim candidates(Adekanye, 2018).

Thursday, November 19, 2020

ASSESSMENT OF NEWSPAPER COVERAGE OF EARLY CHILD MARRIAGE IN NIGERIA

 INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study   

Newspapers play the traditional role of educating the masses and setting agenda for public action. News coverage can have a strong influence on how the public will respond to societal issues. Child marriage as a global issue involves the giving out to marriage a child who is not mentally, psychologically, emotionally or physically prepared for a marital life to an older man who most times has children same age as the girl bride. It is a human rights violation that denies girls their rights to health, education, equality, free from violation and exploitation.

Okafor and Oyakhiromen (2014) citing United Nations see child marriage as “any marriage carried out below the age of eighteen (18) years before the girl is physically, psychologically, and psychologically ready to shoulder the responsibilities of marriage and child bearing”. A child who is a minor does not consent to marriage decision about a life partner.

Wednesday, November 18, 2020

ACCIDENTAL CELEBRITY ENDORSEMENT AND CONSUMER BEHAVIOR (CASE STUDY OF INSTAGRAM AND TWITTER)

                                                                     INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study 

Today, one of the most prevalent forms of advertising is through the use of celebrity endorsement. In fact celebrity endorsers are being used extensively in almost all television advertisements for the promotion of different brands, products and services. Marketers invest huge amounts of money in contracts with celebrity endorsers each year, with the belief that celebrities affect the process of selling of their brands or products positively. Marketers use celebrity endorsement in order to help in easy brand recall especially during purchasing situations.

According to (Neha 2013), celebrity endorsement in business organizations has become a multi-million industry especially in advertising. Nowadays, it has become a pervasive element of advertising industry to endorse a celebrity for advertising a product to arrest the attention of the consumers. Marketers use celebrity endorsers to influence the purchase decision of consumers in order to increase their sales and extend their market shares.

ROLE OF FEMALE PRESENTERS IN THE NIGERIAN BROADCASTING MEDIA

INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study

It is the general saying that “what a man can do, woman can do better”. The role and importance of women in not only in the society but also in the organizations remains issues of serious concern and debate. In every society, especially in Africa, attitudes, perception and feelings regarding the role of women in the society are a major factor in deciding their status.

Traditionally, in African societies, women are not only perceived as inferior to men but they are also marginalized and denied equal opportunities as they were treated as a lower gender in every aspects including job opportunity and employment. According to Obioha and Chima (2015), the general belief is that the role of women starts and ends with running the home affairs and nothing more.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

THE INFLUENCE OF BANKS AND CAMPUS MARKETING ACTIVATION ON THE SAVING HABIT OF STUDENTS



INTRODUCTION
Today, the spending power of the youth has grown exponentially while their understanding of financial matters is abysmally low. Credit cards have become all too common among the youth and at the end of the month when they have to pay their bills, they are very confident about the fact that they can rely on their parents’ financially any time. Saving is ‘the excess of income over all expenditure’ where the expenditures are also mentioned as consumption, which is life contributions and insurance (if any), and the saving behavior is the money keeping activity after they use it for their own wealth (Denton, Fretz, & Spencer, 2011).

Saturday, October 5, 2019

THE ROLE OF NIGERIA PRINT MEDIA IN TALENT DISCOVERY AMONG YOUTHS

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
.1              1.1     Background to the Study
Print media includes those media of communication which are controlled by space rather than time. It can be read at any available time and can be kept for record such as Books, Newspapers, Magazines and newsletters are Print medium of communications.
The main function of the press is to communicate news along with the editorial opinion. As a medium of information, we can even call the press as an important adjunct to the school as an educational institution. A fact, now more and more opinion is turning round to the point that mass media should be considered as a medium of education and mass communication. Ifeanyichukwu, (1990).

Thursday, October 3, 2019

IMPACT OF DIGITIZATION OF THE BROADCASTING MEDIA IN NIGERIA


INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
Television Broadcasting in Nigeria started with the initiative of the first Western Region premier Chief Obafemi Awolowo who on October 31, 1959 launched television broadcasting at Ibadan the headquarters of the region. The Western Region went into partnership with the Overseas Rediffusion Limited. The Western Nigerian Radiovision services limited were created with the responsibility of radio and television broadcasting under one management.

Wednesday, September 18, 2019

THE INFLUENCE OF E-LIBRARY AS A RESOURCE FOR LEARNING AMONG STUDENTS


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Reading is an essential tool for lifelong learning. It is important for everyone to develop a good reading culture as to perform excellently in academic endeavours. Reading skills for students are critical for academic performance and personal growth. Reading is an important component of student’s ultimate literacy development. Moreover, Ezeji (2012) citing Holte, (1998), agreed that reading adds quality to life and provide access to culture and culture heritage. He pointed out that reading empowers and emancipates citizens, and bring people together. According to Rubin (2002), reading is an integrative process that starts with the reader and includes the affective, perceptual, and cognitive domains.

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA TOWARDS THE ERADICATION OF CHILD TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the Study
Child abuse and child labour has represents one of the most dehumanizing forms of human rights abuse in Nigeria. Top on the hat of the slavery-like practices in Nigeria against children is child abuse and trafficking. Combating child abuse has gathered considerable momentum over the years with increased political awareness regarding the phenomenon, as illustrated by the localized adoption and ratification of international standards and important commitments undertaken in international conference by different states. Dyorouhgi, (2014).