Showing posts with label mass media. Show all posts
Showing posts with label mass media. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 22, 2021

ROLE OF NIGERIA PRINT MEDIA IN TALENT DISCOVERY AMONG YOUTHS

 INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study

Print media includes those media of communication which are controlled by space rather than time. It can be read at any available time and can be kept for record such as Books, Newspapers, Magazines and newsletters are Print medium of communications. The main function of the press is to communicate news along with the editorial opinion. As a medium of information, we can even call the press as an important adjunct to the school as an educational institution. A fact, now more and more opinion is turning round to the point that mass media should be considered as a medium of education and mass communication. Ifeanyichukwu, (1990).

Thursday, June 17, 2021

ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) ON JOURNALISM PRACTICE

 INTRODUCTION

The development of modern technology most especially in this century has impact on every sphere of human life to include mass media. This has changed the look of the existing media. Because of this, the practice of journalism is no longer in the way of one-dimensional flow of information rather it is interactive and the audience are now part of the information gathering and information distribution. It should be noted that information quality through the internet demands caution as it is questionable since it lack the activities of the gatekeepers who can decide what information to disseminate and what not to make available for the public.

Thursday, March 7, 2019

ASSESSMENT OF LEGAL IMPLICATION ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BROADCASTING IN NIGERIA


Introduction
The study of broadcasting regulation started to creep into the edges of the media studies curriculum. This wind of change should be welcomed, because it will aid the apprehension of the major forces that shape the communication environment. However, globalization in the face of specialization necessitated probes in sections of the society by scholars in the different areas. That is why media scholars cannot do without looking at issues as they concern media practices. An appraisal of the statutes of regulation of the Nigerian broadcast industry is pertinent at this period when the whole world is talking about digitization of broadcasting.

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

THE USE OF STATE BROADCAST MEDIA AS PROPAGANDA MACHINERY BY STATE GOVERNMENT

THE USE OF STATE BROADCAST MEDIA AS PROPAGANDA MACHINERY BY STATE GOVERNMENT


 

CHAPTER ONE
1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Broadcasting, according to Robert White (1999:485) was introduced as a form of military communication in the 1920’s, the apogee of nationalism and government propaganda. Dominick (1990:175) one of the striking facts about broadcasting is that it was invented by young people for example, Marconi who developed wireless transmitter was only twenty-three when he did that and Reginald Fessenden made his first radiophone broadcast when he was thirty-four.
But, can the adult misuse or abuse broadcasting media because it was the brainchild of the young people? So it could be misused by the powers that be. Quoting Aiyetan (2002) Galadima (2003:260) “public office holders believe they can do anything and get away with it as long as they can control media, or get a good journalist to do the dirty job of lying with facts”.
Odumegwu Ojukwu, also observed thus:
When a public office holder does something outlandish,the media sing his praises instead of  condemning him than concentrating on more important national or state issues. (cited by Gdadima, 2003: 261)
In a vehement support of Ojukwu’s Observation, Ternakur (2003:236) Citing Nwankwo (1987), describes the Nigerian mass media as “government said” media is not out of place. Government reflects the will and interests of the class that controls the existing mode of production, power bloc and political machinery in their media outfits.
Neither the government nor their media workers ever agree that they misuse the media. Every journalist disassociates himself or herself from the term “propaganda”. But Casey (1960:232) “the problem every media of communication faces is separating news from propaganda”. Under a free system, one can distinguish between journalist and a propagandist. Both are interested informers. But, journalists seek news and serve the producers of news and not the consumers of news. In the Nigerian government - owned media, journalists are propagandists. They use all known propaganda devices to achieve the aim of their pay-masters.
        According to Junhao Hong, (1997:223), “Chinese government uses broadcast media to conduct propaganda campaigns”. The question is, is propaganda bad? In answer to this question, Ebeze (2003: 219) “Propaganda is not composed of lies and tell stories. It operates with many different kinds of truth, half-truths, limited-truths and truth out of context.”      
        The author quoted Braque (1999) “modern propaganda introduces new dimensions which tend towards education and enlightenment.
        Broadcasting media started in Nigeria in the 1930s. Ebo (1994:43) by 1936, radio made its debut when the first Radio Distribution Service through rediffusion sets became operational in Lagos, Nigeria. But, what is today known as Enugu State Broadcasting Service (ESBS) was first opened on October 1, 1960 when it was called Eastern Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation (ENBC). Having operated for forty-eight years now, it will be proper for a study of this nature in order to ascertain from an independent source whether government has used it as propaganda machinery or other wise. 


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